Dementia Care Site Map

Kimberley Indigenous Cognitive Assessment

The Kimberley Indigenous Cognitive Assessment (KICA) was developed in response to the need for a validated cognitive screening tool for older Indigenous Australians living in rural and remote areas.

The needs for older adults with dementia are complex. The health needs for remote or rurally located Indigenous people with dementia are more complex owing to their location and cultural context. Prior to the development of The Kimberley Indigenous Cognitive Assessment (KICA) tool the extent of dementia and other cognitive impairment in this group has been hindered due to the lack of an available, culturally sensitive assessment tool. The KICA tool named after where the original research was conducted, comprises of a number of sections and assesses the person and carer. The KICA tool is now widely used remote or rural locations in Western Australia, Northern Territory and Queensland.

Using the KICA tool researchers have documented a serious and previously unrecognized Indigenous health problem that has major implications for future Indigenous health care. The prevalence of dementia amongst Indigenous Australians is substantially higher than in the general population of developed and developing countries across all age groups (over the age of 45 years).